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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 61 No. 3, p. 884-888
     
    Received: Nov 11, 1995


    * Corresponding author(s): apisilva@carpa.ciagri.usp.br
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doi:10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100030024x

Effect of Soil Water Content Variation on the Least Limiting Water Range

  1. Alvaro Pires da Silva  and
  2. B. D. Kay
  1. Universidade de São Paulo, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Dep. de Ciência do Solo, Bolsista do CNPq, Piracicaba-SP 13418-900, Brazil
    Dep. of Land Resource Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada

Abstract

Abstract

The least limiting water range (LLWR), a proposed structural quality index, is the range in soil water content within which plant growth is least limited by water potential, aeration, and mechanical resistance. This study tested the hypotheses that the frequency of the soil water content falling outside the LLWR (pout) increases with decreasing LLWR and that the relation is influenced by tillage, position (row vs. interrow), and climatic conditions. Thirty-two paired sampling sites were located along two parallel transects in a side by side comparison of no-till and conventional tillage. The transects crossed three soil types: Aquic Hapludalf, Psammentic Hapludalf, and Typic Hapludalf. The LLWR was calculated for the 0- to 20-cm depth at row and interrow positions. The site was planted to corn (Zea mays L.) and the study lasted three growing seasons. Logistic regression analysis, pout = exp(b0 + b1 LLWR)/[1 + exp(b0 + b1 LLWR)], showed that pout was negatively related to LLWR (R2 = 0.72, P > 0.01), regardless of weather, tillage, or position. Values of pout under no-till were lower than under conventional tillage and the interrow position had a lower pout than the row position. The parameter b1 did not vary across weather, tillage, or position but b0 was influenced by these parameters. The analyses supported the hypothesis and emphasized the impact on pout of factors unrelated to structure.

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