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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 61 No. 4, p. 1257-1263
     
    Received: Aug 2, 1996


    * Corresponding author(s): whitej@indiana.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100040036x

Modeling Organic Solutes in Peatland Soils Using Acid Analogs

  1. Jeffrey R. White  and
  2. Robert D. Shannon
  1. School of Public and Environmental Affairs and Dep. of Geological Sciences, Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN 47405
    Agricultural and Biological Engineering Dep., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA 16802

Abstract

Abstract

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) dominates the chemistry of porewaters in many peatland soils. Yet modeling its contribution to acid-base chemistry and to anionic charge has not been attempted for peatland porewaters. Using 3 yr of field data, we investigated the effectiveness of four analog organic acid models in describing the acid-base chemistry of DOC in porewaters from two acidic (mean pH = 4.0–4.2), high-DOC (mean DOC = 4.2–5.4 mmol CL−1) peatlands in southern Michigan. Although developed for dilute lake waters, we applied these models to porewaters of peatland soils. All sites exhibited a large deficit in anionic charge (mean = 229 µmolc L−1), which was strongly correlated with DOC (r2 = 0.82) and accounted for 70 to 80% of the total anionic charge. We, therefore, used charge balance to evaluate the models. The four models varied in effectiveness; variations in model organic anion accounted for between 50 and 84% of the variation in anion deficit. Representing organic acid anions with a triprotic acid analog model yielded the best results (r2 = 0.84, slope = 0.96), while a monoprotic acid model was least effective (r2 = 0.50, slope = 0.91). Mean charge densities of the DOC pool (44–52 εmolc mmol−1 DOC) varied little with differences in site characteristics (i.e., water levels and emergent plant communities) and were consistent with other studies. The triprotic acid model appears to be an effective analog for the acid-base and ionic charge-contributions of DOC in porewaters of acidic peatland soils.

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