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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Preferential Movement of Oxygen in Soils?


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 61 No. 6, p. 1607-1610
    Received: July 23, 1996

    * Corresponding author(s):
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  1. Jerzy E. Dziejowski,
  2. Alon Rimmer and
  3. Tammo S. Steenhuis 
  1. Chemistry Dep., Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, BL 39/209, 10-728 Olsztyn-Kortowo, Poland
    Dep. of Agriculture and Biological Engineering, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853



Plant roots and soil biota require O2 to function normally. When the soil O2 is depleted, it must be replaced by O2 from the atmosphere. The transport occurs primarily by gaseous diffusion. Although O2 diffusion has been researched in homogeneous soils, and in tight clay soils with cracks, little is known about the effects of macropores on O2 transport in typical agricultural soils. In this study we examined the impact of large pores on O2 concentration in a sandy loam soil. Experiments were carried out with homogeneous and simulated-macropore columns with a steady-state rainfall of 3 cm d-1 in which the O2 concentration in the soil matrix and in the macropore was measured at 15-cm vertical intervals. The diameter of each column was 20 cm and the height was 105 cm. Groundwater depth was systematically varied between 30 and 105 cm. Soil water content did not vary with distance above the water table for the 30-, 60-, and 90-cm groundwater depths. While both the soil water for the entire column and the O2 concentration from the surface to the 30-cm depth was the same for the homogeneous and macropore columns, the O2 penetrated deeper in the macropore column and was 4% greater below the 30-cm depth in the macropore column than for the homogeneous column.

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