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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 62 No. 2, p. 342-347
     
    Received: Feb 18, 1997
    Published: Mar, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): koskinen@soils.umn.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj1998.03615995006200020008x

Changes in Sorption of Imidacloprid with Incubation Time

  1. Lucía Cox,
  2. William C. Koskinen  and
  3. Pau Yong Yen
  1. Dep. of Soil, Water and Climate, Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108
    USDA-ARS, Soil and Water Management Research Unit, 1991 Upper Buford Cir., Rm. 439, St. Paul, MN 55108
    Bayer Corporation, 17745 South Metcalf, Stilwell, KS 660885

Abstract

Abstract

Changes in sorption of the insecticide imidacloprid (1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)-methyl]-N-nitro-2-imidazolidinimine) with aging in three soils have been determined. Soil moisture was adjusted to −33 kPa and 14C- and analytical-grade imidacloprid added to the soil at a rate of 1.0 mg kg−1. Imidacloprid-spiked soils were incubated at 25°C for 16 wk. Replicate soil samples were periodically extracted successively with 0.01 M CaCl2, acetonitrile, and 1 M HCI. Sorption, as indicated by the sorption coefficient (Kd) values, was highest in the soil with highest organic C content, and increased by an average factor of 2.8 in the three soils during the incubation period. This increase was the result of a decrease in the imidacloprid extractable with CaCl2 (solution phase) and the increase in the amount of imidacloprid extractable with acetonitrile and HCI (sorbed phase) with incubation time. It is not known whether the increase in sorption was the result of imidacloprid diffusion to less accessible or stronger binding sites with time, a rate of degradation in solution and on labile sites that is faster than the rate of desorption, or a combination of the two processes. These results are, however, further evidence that increases in sorption during pesticide aging should be taken into account during characterization of the sorption process for mathematical models of pesticide leaching.

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