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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract -

Screening a Selective Chelator Pair for Simultaneous Determination of Iron(II) and Iron(III)


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 62 No. 3, p. 611-617
    Received: July 30, 1996

    * Corresponding author(s): jpeverly@dept.agry.purdue.edu
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  1. Tiangen Wang and
  2. John H. Peverly 
  1. Univ. of Florida, Tropical Research and Education Center, 18905 S.W. 280th Street, Homestead, FL 33031
    Dep. of Agronomy, Purdue Univ., 1150 Lilly Hall, West Lafayette, IN 47907



Direct determination of Fe(II) and Fe(III) is a fundamental technology for environmental Fe chemistry research. The key to accurate determination of Fe(II) and Fe(III) in soil, water, and plant samples is to stabilize Fe oxidation states during Fe extraction and analysis, but the goal has only been partially achieved in previous research. In this research, an approach to stabilizing the original oxidation states of Fe during extraction and analysis was studied. The following sequential procedures were conducted: computer simulation → colorimetric tests → Fe(III) reduction resistance tests → metal interference tests → sensitivity tests → determination of optimal pH for Fe extraction. Results indicated that EDTA (ethylenediamine-N,N,N′,N′-tetraacetate, disodium salt) and BPDS (bathophenanthroline disulfonate, disodium salt) were the most effective chelator pair with which to stabilize Fe oxidation states and that they may allow accurate, simultaneous determination of Fe(II) and Fe(III).

This research was conducted at the Dep. of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sciences, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.

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