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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 62 No. 3, p. 810-817
    Received: May 19, 1997

    * Corresponding author(s):
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Spatial Variability of Methane, Nitrous Oxide, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Drained Grasslands

  1. A. van den Pol-van Dasselaar ,
  2. W. J. Corré,
  3. A. Priemé,
  4. Å. K. Klemedtsson,
  5. P. Weslien,
  6. L. Klemedtsson,
  7. A. Stein and
  8. O. Oenema
  1. Dep. of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., P.O. Box 8005, NL-6700 EC Wageningen, the Netherlands
    Research Inst. for Agrobiology and Soil Fertility (AB-DLO), P.O. Box 129, NL-9750 AC Haren, the Netherlands
    Dep. of Population Biology, Copenhagen Univ., Universitetsparken 15, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
    Swedish Environmental Inst. (IVL), P.O. Box 47086, S-402 58 Göteborg, Sweden
    Dep. of Soil Science and Geology, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., P.O. Box 37, NL-6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands
    AB-DLO, Haren, and Dep. of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., Wageningen, the Netherlands



Emissions of CH4, N2O, and CO2 from soils are the result of a number of biological and physical processes, each influenced by several environmental and management factors exhibiting spatial variability. This study aimed to assess the spatial variability and spatial dependence of CH4, N2O, and CO2 emissions and their underlying soil processes and properties from grasslands on drained peat soil (Terric Histosol). Emissions and possible controlling factors were measured at a field location in Sweden. Measurements were done on two adjacent sites on peat soil on two successive days for each site. Spatial variability was analyzed with trend analysis and variograms. Both sites consumed small amounts of atmospheric CH4, i.e., 0.03 and 0.05 mg CH4 m−2 d−1, and emitted N2O and CO2, i.e., 5 to 19 mg N2O m−2 d−1 and 4 to 6 g CO2 m−2 d−1. Spatial variability of emissions was high, with coefficients of variation of 50 to 1400%. Emissions either showed a spatial trend or were spatially dependent with ranges of spatial dependence of 50 to >200 m. However, spatial dependence of emissions showed differences between sites and short-term temporal variability. Variograms of emissions and soil processes, which are partly biological in nature and have a high degree of inherent variability, should be interpreted with care.

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