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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - DIVISION S-1-SOIL PHYSICS

Quantifying the Influence of Intra-Aggregate Concentration Gradients on Solute Transport

 

This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 63 No. 4, p. 759-767
     
    Received: Feb 18, 1998


    * Corresponding author(s): claire.cote@tvl.clw.csiro.au
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doi:10.2136/sssaj1999.634759x
  1. C. M. Cote *a,
  2. K. L. Bristowa and
  3. P. J. Rossa
  1.  aCSIRO Land and Water, Davies Lab., University Rd., Townsville, Australia

Abstract

The physical nonequilibrium of solute concentration resulting from preferential flow of soil water has often led to models where the soil is partitioned into two regions: preferential flow paths, where solute transport occurs mainly by advection, and the remaining region, where significant solute transport occurs through diffusive exchange with the flow paths. These two-region models commonly ignore concentration gradients within the regions. Our objective was to develop a simple model to assess the influence of concentration gradients on solute transport and to compare model results with experiments conducted on structured materials. The model calculates the distribution of solutes in a single spherical aggregate surrounded by preferential flow paths and subjected to alternating boundary conditions representing either an exchange of solutes between the two regions (a wet period) or no exchange but redistribution of solutes within the aggregate (a dry period). The key parameter in the model is the aggregate radius, which defines the diffusive time scales. We conducted intermittent leaching experiments on a column of packed porous spheres and on a large (300 mm long by 216 mm diameter) undisturbed field soil core to test the validity of the model and its application to field soils. Alternating wet and dry periods enhanced leaching by up to 20% for this soil, which was consistent with the model's prediction, given a fitted equivalent aggregate radius of 1.8 cm. If similar results are obtained for other soils, use of alternating wet and dry periods could improve management of solutes, for example in salinity control and in soil remediation.

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