Magnesium- and Silicon-Induced Phosphate Desorption in Smectite–, Palygorskite–, and Sepiolite–Calcite Systems
- H. Shariatmadaria and
- A. R. Mermut *a
Carbonates are one of the most important group of minerals that fix phosphates in soils. Magnesium and silicon are known to reduce the P fixation of calcite. The effect of Mg and Si addition on P sorption–desorption of a mixture of 90% clay and 10% calcite was studied. The mixtures were montmorillonite–calcite (Mont–CaCO3), palygorskite–calcite (Pal–CaCO3), and sepiolite–calcite (Sep–CaCO3). Concentrations of 0.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mg L−1 of dissolved Mg or Si were introduced into P sorbing systems. The chemical speciation of P sorption solutions was predicted using the SOILCHEM computer program. Desorption of sorbed P on different samples was studied in successive extractions with 0.01 M KCl. The P sorption of Mont–CaCO3, Pal–CaCO3, and CaCO3 were similar (≈10 cmol kg−1). Addition of 10.0 mg L−1 Mg or Si sharply reduced the P sorption of calcite to <1 cmol kg−1, while it induced only a 20% reduction in P sorption of the mixtures. Magnesium and silicon treatments increased the desorption of sorbed P. The Sep–CaCO3 mixture showed a P sorption 60% lower than that of pure CaCO3 The desorption of sorbed P by Sep–CaCO3 was far above that of other clay–CaCO3 combinations. Addition of Mg and Si inhibited the formation of Ca–phosphates, which would otherwise make major contributions to P retention in all samples used in this study. Phosphate sorbed by silicate clays was the second major fraction of retained P, limiting the effects of Mg and Si treatments. As a slow release source of Mg and Si, sepiolite increased the desorption of P sorbed by CaCO3 This has an important implication for P availability in arid soils containing sepiolite. This mineral may be mixed thoroughly with commercial P fertilizers before P application into soil.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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