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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 63 No. 5, p. 1341-1349
    Received: Feb 4, 1998

    * Corresponding author(s): kirkw@pinus.env.duke.edu


Bare-Soil Evaporation Under Semiarid Field Conditions

  1. K. R. Wythers *a,
  2. W. K. Lauenrothb and
  3. J. M. Parueloc
  1. a Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke Univ., Durham, NC 27708 USA
    b Dep. of Rangeland and Ecosystem Science, Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO 80523 USA
    c Dep. de Ecologia, Facultad de Agronomia, Univ. de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Bare-soil evaporation is an important component of the water balance in semiarid systems. However, little is known quantitatively about the influence of soil texture on bare-soil evaporation. We hypothesized that soil texture would have a great influence on both the temporal dynamics of bare-soil evaporation as well as on the depth to which evaporation-influenced soil water content throughout a 51-d simulated drought period. We measured soil water in lysimeters filled with three different soils. We measured daily evaporation gravimetrically and estimated evaporation rates using the energy balance method of Ben-Asher et al. We estimated soil water content at depths of 3.8 cm, 11.4 cm, 19.0 cm, 26.6 cm, and 34.2 cm (Layers 1–5, respectively) with time domain reflectometry rods and with soil cores. Bare-soil evaporation during the first 15 d of the experiment was ≈25% higher in the silt loam than the sand loam, and ≈42% higher than the clay loam. By Day 30, bare-soil evaporation in all soils was ≈0.5 mm d−1 Soil water content decreased in all five lysimeters layers, and it was related to time and depth (r 2 values ranged from 0.60 to 0.95). The slope describing change in soil water content was greatest in the top 3.8-cm layer in all soil types (−0.52 in the clay loam, −0.32 in the silt loam, and −0.21 in the sand loam). At 14 d, bare-soil evaporation had the greatest influence on the upper 4.62 cm in the sand loam and the upper 7.18 cm in the clay and silt loams. At 51 d bare-soil evaporation had the greatest influence on the upper 7.36 cm in the sand loam, the upper 9.79 cm in the silt loam and the upper 14.1 cm in the clay loam.

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