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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - DIVISION S-4-SOIL FERTILITY & PLANT NUTRITION

Phosphorus Forms and Extractability from Three Sources in a Recently Exposed Calcareous Subsoil


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 63 No. 6, p. 1717-1724
    Received: Feb 11, 1998

    * Corresponding author(s): crobbins@magiclink.com
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  1. C. W. Robbins *a,
  2. D. T. Westermanna and
  3. L. L. Freeborna
  1.  aUSDA-ARS, Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Lab., 3793 North 3600 East, Kimberly, ID 83341-5076 USA


Irrigation-induced erosion and land leveling have decreased crop yields on ≈800000 ha of south-central Idaho silt loam soils because of topsoil removal. Phosphorus availability is a known production problem after topsoil removal. This study evaluated the effect of three P sources on soil P solubility by three standard methods for calcareous soils. A long-term study was initiated on a Portneuf silt loam (Coarse-silty, mixed, superactive, mesic Durinodic Xeric Haplocalcid) by removing the surface 0.3 m of topsoil from strips between undisturbed topsoil strips. Phosphorus treatments applied across all strips were conventional fertilizer (applied according to soil test), dairy manure, and cheese whey. All treatments increased the freshly exposed subsoil bicarbonate extractable ortho-P concentrations up to or greater than the topsoil concentrations, which were more than adequate for economical crop production. The high-whey and manure treatments increased the subsoil saturation paste and 0.01 M CaCl2 extractable ortho-P concentrations up to or greater than the untreated topsoil ortho-P concentrations. The initial topsoil ortho-P solubility was along the β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) isotherm and the initial subsoil was well below the β-TCP isotherm. The ortho-P solubility of the subsoil monocalcium phosphate (MCP) treatment remained just below the β-TCP isotherm. The cottage cheese whey treatment increased subsoil P solubility up to the β-TCP isotherm and the manure treated subsoil ortho-P solubilities were between the β-TCP and octacalcium phosphate (OCP) isotherms. Most subsoil ortho-P concentrations by all three extraction methods decreased from spring to fall and then increased over winter in the subsequent spring samples. Soil solution ortho-P concentrations decreased with time in the subsoil treatments except immediately following treatment applications. The topsoil ortho-P extract concentrations by all three methods varied among samplings but remained about the same during the study period.

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