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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - DIVISION S-1-SOIL PHYSICS

Predicting the Gas Diffusion Coefficient in Repacked Soil Water-Induced Linear Reduction Model


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 64 No. 5, p. 1588-1594
    Received: Nov 8, 1999

    * Corresponding author(s): i5pm@civil.auc.dk
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  1. P. Moldrup *a,
  2. T. Olesena,
  3. J. Gamsta,
  4. P. Schjønningb,
  5. T. Yamaguchic and
  6. D.E. Rolstond
  1. a Environmental Engineering Lab., Dep. of Civil Engineering, Aalborg Univ., Sohngaardsholmsvej 57, DK-9000 Aalborg, Denmark
    b Dep. of Crop Physiology and Soil Science, Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Research Centre Foulum, P.O. Box 50, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark
    c Dep. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hiroshima Univ., 1-4-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739, Japan
    d Soils and Biogeochemistry, Dep. of Land, Air and Water Resources, Univ. of California, Davis, CA 95616 USA


Investigations of gas transport and fate processes in packed soil systems require knowledge of the gas diffusion coefficient, D P, as a function of air-filled porosity, ϵ. On the basis of the literature, data from six studies over the porosity range of 0.1 to nearly 1.0, it is reconfirmed that the Marshall (1959) model better predicts D P(ϵ) in completely dry, repacked porous media than do the Penman (1940) and Millington (1959) models. The smaller D P value in wet soil, as compared with dry soil at the same air-filled porosity, is accounted for by introducing a water-induced linear reduction (WLR) term, equal to the ratio of air-filled porosity to total porosity, in the D P(ϵ) model. By adding the WLR term in each of the three D P(ϵ) models for dry porous media, the so-called WLR(Marshall), WLR(Penman), and WLR(Millington) D P(ϵ) models for wet soil are developed. To test the three WLR models, D P was measured at different soil-water contents in six differently textured (6–38% clay) repacked soils. The WLR (Marshall) model accurately and best described D P(ϵ) for all six soils and additional soils from the literature. All three WLR models performed better than previous D P(ϵ) models. This study implies that the smaller D P in a wet soil, which is due to water-induced changes in air-filled pore shape and pore connectivity, can be described by a simple, linear function of relative air-filled porosity. The WLR(Marshall) model represents a conceptual and accurate model to predict D P(ϵ) in sieved, repacked soil.

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