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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 65 No. 2, p. 311-314
     
    Received: Mar 6, 2000
    Published: Mar, 2001


    * Corresponding author(s): m.a.hilhorst@imag.dlo.nl
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2001.652311x

Dielectric Relaxation of Bound Water versus Soil Matric Pressure

  1. M.A. Hilhorst *a,
  2. C. Dirksenb,
  3. F.W.H. Kampersc and
  4. R.A. Feddesb
  1. a IMAG-DLO, P.O. Box 43, NL-6700 AA, Wageningen, the Netherlands
    b Dep. of Water Resources, Wageningen Agricultural Univ., Wageningen, the Netherlands
    c DLO, P.O. Box 59, NL-6700 AB Wageningen, the Netherlands

Abstract

The electrical permittivity of soil is a function of the water content, which facilitates water content measurements. The permittivity of soil is also a function of the frequency of the applied electric field. This frequency dependence can be described by the relationship between the dielectric relaxation frequency and the activation enthalpy of the water, which in turn is related to the soil matric pressure. The activation enthalpy or soil matrix pressure is a measure of the binding forces acting on a water molecule in the soil matrix. Each water molecule is differently bound, varying from tightly bound to free water. The permittivity of the bulk soil results from the contribution of all the water molecules in the soil matrix. Therefore, the permittivity of soil as a function of frequency is related to the soil matrix pressure. It is realistic to consider hygroscopic water as ice like. A relatively sharp transition can be observed from free to hygroscopic water at matric pressure – 100 MPa corresponding to relaxation frequency f r ≈ 8 GHz. Therefore, for the interpretation of dielectric data using a dielectric mixture equation, the water content of soil can be split conveniently in “free” water and “hygroscopic” water.

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Copyright © 2001. Soil Science SocietyPublished in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.65:311–314.