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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - DIVISION S-2—SOIL CHEMISTRY

Soil Organic Matter Characteristics as Affected by Tillage Management


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 66 No. 2, p. 421-429
    Received: Jan 17, 2001

    * Corresponding author(s): bx@pssci.umass.edu
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  1. G. Dinga,
  2. J. M. Novakb,
  3. D. Amarasiriwardenac,
  4. P. G. Huntb and
  5. B. Xing *a
  1. a Dep. of Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003
    b USDA-ARS-Coastal Plains Soil, Water, and Plant Research Center, Florence, SC 29501
    c School of Natural Science, Hampshire College, Amherst, MA 01002


Soil organic matter (SOM) is of primary importance for maintaining soil productivity, and agricultural management practices may significantly influence SOM chemical properties. However, how SOM chemical characteristics change with agricultural practices is poorly understood. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the impacts of tillage (conventional vs. conservation) management on the structural and compositional characteristics of SOM using cross-polarization magic-angle-spinning (CPMAS) and total sideband suppression (TOSS) solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared (DRIFT) spectroscopy. We characterized both physically and chemically isolated SOM fractions from a Norfolk soil (fine-loamy, siliceous, thermic Typic Kandiudults) under long-term tillage management (20 yr). The solid-state 13C NMR results indicated that humic acid (HA) from conventional tillage (CT, 0–5 cm) was less aliphatic and more aromatic than HA from conservation tillage (CnT). The aliphatic C content decreased with increasing depth (0–15 cm) for both CT and CnT treatments. The reverse trend was true for aromatic C content. Based on reactive/recalcitrant (O/R) peak ratio comparisons, HA was more reactive in the top soil (0–5 cm) under CnT than CT. Both soil organic C (SOC) and light fraction (LF) material were higher in the 0- to 5-cm soil of CnT than CT treatment. Our results show that long-term tillage management can significantly change the characteristics of both physical and chemical fractions of SOM.

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Copyright © 2002. Soil Science SocietyPublished in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.66:421–429.