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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 67 No. 2, p. 654-661
     
    Received: Mar 11, 2002
    Published: Mar, 2003


    * Corresponding author(s): hamer@boden.uni-bonn.de
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2003.6540

Dissolution of Ripidolite (Mg, Fe-Chlorite) in Organic and Inorganic Acid Solutions

  1. M. Hamer *a,
  2. R. C. Grahamb,
  3. C. Amrheinb and
  4. K. N. Bozhilovc
  1. a Institut fuer Bodenkunde, Univ. Bonn, Nussallee 13, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
    b Soil and Water Sciences program, Dep. of Environ. Sci., Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521-0424
    c Central Facility for Advanced Microscopy and Microanalysis, Univ. of California, Riverside, CA 92521

Abstract

Although chlorites are an important source of Mg and micronutrients in soils, little is known about their weathering behavior in acidic environments. The effect of organic (acetic, oxalic, citric) and inorganic (hydrochloric, nitric, sulfuric) acids on the dissolution of ripidolite was studied at 25°C over an acid concentration range of 0.03 to 10 mM The increasing ripidolite dissolution with increasing acid concentration can be described by the same empirical equation for all six acids used in this study. Because proton and ligand promoted dissolution mechanisms are additive, the influence of ligands can be calculated by subtracting the influence of protons from the total dissolution of ripidolite. We assume that the influence of Cl in HCl systems can be neglected. Greater dissolution of ripidolite in the presence of the other acids at the same pH is attributed to the accompanying anion. At pH 3.5 and an anion concentration of 10−3.5 mol L−1, the relative effectiveness of the acids used in this experiment in promoting dissolution was nitric (enhancement factor: 0.97) ≅ hydrochloric (1.00) ≅ acetic (1.01) < sulfuric (1.19) < citric (2.70) < oxalic acid (3.27). The dissolution of ripidolite was nonstoichiometric with a preferential release of Si relative to Al, Fe, and, in some cases, Mg at low proton and ligand concentrations for all six acids. At higher acid concentrations the dissolution becomes almost stoichiometric in the presence of inorganic acids, whereas in the presence of oxalic acid Al, Fe, and Mg were released preferentially relative to Si. In the presence of citric acid, Fe is released preferentially relative to Si. The alteration of chlorites in soils and the amount of released elements into the soil solution therefore depends on the composition of acidifying agents in soils.

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Copyright © 2003. Soil Science SocietyPublished in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.67:654–661.