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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - DIVISION S-5—PEDOLOGY

Contributions of Edward Elway Free to American Soil Science in the Early 1900s


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 68 No. 3, p. 904-906
    Received: July 30, 2003

    * Corresponding author(s): ecbrevik@valdosta.edu
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  1. Eric C. Brevik *
  1. Dep. of Physics, Astronomy, and Geosciences, Valdosta State University, Valdosta, GA 31698-0055


The early 1900s were a time of rapid growth in American soil science. Edward Elway Free is not well known but produced some excellent work during this time. Free majored in chemistry at Cornell University and graduated in 1906. He worked as a chemist with the University of Arizona from 1906–1907, as a physical scientist with the Bureau of Soils from 1907–1912, and as a private consultant in chemistry and physics after 1912. In 1917 Free earned a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. He continued to run his consulting company until his death on 24 Nov. 1939. Publication trends over Free's career include publications in chemistry (1908–1910), eolian processes and soil physics (1909–1912), and economic resources (1912–1917). After 1917 his agriculturally related publications were in soil aeration and weather and climate.

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