Separation of Pig Slurry and Plant Utilization and Loss of Nitrogen-15-labeled Slurry Nitrogen
- Peter Sørensen * and
- Ingrid K. Thomsen
Separation of slurry by centrifugation concentrates nutrients and facilitates the transport of surplus nutrients away from livestock farms. Nitrogen-15 labeled pig slurries containing urine 15N or fecal 15N were produced to compare the utilization and fate of N in separated and unseparated pig slurry. There was good agreement between the mineral fertilizer equivalence (MFE) of manure fractions estimated from 15N uptake and by a traditional non-isotopic method, but the 15N method was more precise. The weighted utilization of N in separated slurry was similar to the N utilization in unseparated slurry. The MFE of slurry total N was 75 to 79% after incorporation before sowing spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and 59 to 64% after surface application in winter wheat (Tritium aestivum L.). Both the origin of the slurry N and the fractionation influenced the N availability. The uptake of urinary 15N in the first barley crop was 35 to 53% and the uptake of fecal 15N 21 to 44% with the lowest availability of 15N in the dry-matter-rich fraction (DMR). The uptake of 15N in the following cover crop and barley crop was low (1–4.5%). The residual N effect of the manures in the year after application (MFE) was equivalent to 1% for the liquid fraction, 3% for the slurry, and 5% for the DMR. The amount of 15N remaining in soil 15 mo after application was 30 to 53% for urinary N and 44 to 61% for fecal N. It is concluded that the overall utilization of N is unaffected by slurry separation, but the separation facilitates a better distribution of nutrients.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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