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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 69 No. 6, p. 1844-1855
     
    Received: Nov 22, 2004


    * Corresponding author(s): ageharas@hotmail.com
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2004.0361

Soil Moisture and Temperature Effects on Nitrogen Release from Organic Nitrogen Sources

  1. S. Agehara *ab and
  2. D. D. Warnckea
  1. a Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI 48824-1325
    b Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas A&M Univ., 1619 Garner Field Rd., Uvalde, TX 78801

Abstract

Nitrogen release from organic N sources is controlled by the soil environment. Soil incubation was conducted to evaluate the effects of soil moisture (50, 70, and 90% of water holding capacity) and temperature (15/10, 20/15, and 25/20°C [14/10 h]) on N release from four organic N sources. Differential N release kinetics of the N sources were determined by measuring ammonium- and nitrate-N contents periodically over 12 wk. Net N released, as a percentage of organic N, was greatest in the order: urea (91–96%) > blood meal (BM) (56–61%) > alfalfa pellets (AP) (41–52%) > partially composted chicken manure (CM) (37–45%). Increasing soil moisture increased net N released from AP and CM by 12 and 21%, respectively, but did not significantly affect net N released from urea and BM. Increasing temperature increased net N released from AP, BM, and CM by 25, 10, and 13%, respectively, but did not significantly affect net N released from urea. The results indicate that soil moisture and temperature influence N availability from organic N materials differently depending on source of N. In greenhouse production systems, where irrigation and temperature can be controlled, fertilizer management that considers both source of N and soil environment may improve the effectiveness of organic N materials.

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