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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 70 No. 3, p. 795-805
     
    Received: Mar 30, 2005


    * Corresponding author(s): cmonger@nmsu.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2005.0099

Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Exhumed Petrocalcic Horizons

  1. Alfonso Serna-Péreza,
  2. H. Curtis Monger *b,
  3. Jeffrey E. Herrickc and
  4. Leigh Murrayd
  1. a Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Agricolas y Pacuarias, Calera, Zacatecas 98500, Mexico
    b Dep. of Plant and Environmental Science, New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM 88003
    c USDA-ARS, Jornada Experimental Range, Las Cruces, NM 88003
    d Univ. Statistics Center, New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM 88003

Abstract

The second largest pool of terrestrial carbon is soil CaCO3 In addition to being an important sink of atmospheric CO2, soil carbonate is potentially an important source of atmospheric CO2 The cemented form of soil carbonate—the petrocalcic horizon—develops in geomorphically stable soil in arid, semiarid, and some subhumid climates. In many of these dryland areas, such as the Chihuahuan Desert of North America, erosion has stripped away overlying soil and exhumed the petrocalcic horizon, thereby exposing it to a weathering zone above the calcification zone where it normally forms. This research tested the hypothesis that soil type 1 (eroded Aridisols with exhumed petrocalcic horizons) will emit more CO2 than soil type 2 (noneroded Aridisols with petrocalcic horizons) or soil type 3 (Entisols formed in sandy, noncalcareous sediments). We tested this hypothesis by comparing the amount of CO2 and the δ13C of CO2 released from the three soil types. Using a randomized complete block design, CO2 emissions were measured using NaOH and soda lime traps from June 2002 to October 2003. Neither the NaOH traps nor soda lime traps detected any statistical difference in cumulative CO2 emissions from the three soil types at the α = 0.05 level. Moreover, the isotopic analysis of CO2 did not match the isotopic values of pedogenic carbonate, nor were there any statistical differences (α = 0.05) in δ13C of CO2 among the three soil types. We conclude, therefore, that exhumed petrocalcic horizons are not actively emitting CO2 at a rate significantly greater than adjacent soils, and thus carbon stored in petrocalcic horizons can be considered a recalcitrant reservoir within the decadal timeframe pertinent to carbon sequestration policies.

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