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Soil Science Society of America Journal Abstract - SOIL & WATER MANAGEMENT & CONSERVATION

Tillage and Residue Removal Effects on Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Storage in the North China Plain


This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 74 No. 1, p. 196-202
    Received: Feb 4, 2009

    * Corresponding author(s): tsren@cau.edu.cn
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  1. Zhangliu Dua,
  2. Tusheng Ren *a and
  3. Chunsheng Hub
  1. a Dep. of Soil and Water Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China 100193
    b Center for Agricultural, Resources Research, Institute of Genetic and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Science, Shijiazhuang, China 050021


Little information is available about their influences of conservation tillage on the distribution and storage of soil organic C (SOC) and total N in soil profiles in the North China Plain. We investigated the changes in SOC and total N as related to the shift from conventional to conservation tillage using a long-term field experiment with a winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)–corn (Zea mays L.) double cropping system. The experiment included four tillage treatments for winter wheat: moldboard plow without corn residue return (MP−R), moldboard plow with corn residue return (MP+R), rotary tillage (RT), and no-till (NT). Compared with the MP−R treatment, returning crop residue to the soil (MP+R, RT, and NT) increased SOC and total N in the 0- to 30-cm soil layer, but no distinct changes in SOC and total N concentration were observed among the four treatments at soil depths >30 cm. Compared with the MP+R treatment, the RT and NT treatments increased SOC and total N concentration significantly in the 0- to 10-cm layer but decreased SOC and total N concentration in the 10- to 20-cm layers. As a consequence, soil profile SOC and total N storage did not vary among the MP+R, RT, and NT treatments. Thus under the experimental conditions, conservation tillage (RT and NT) increased SOC and total N contents in the upper soil layers, but did not increase SOC and total N storage over conventional tillage (MP+R) in the soil profile.

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