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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 74 No. 1, p. 23-32
     
    Received: Mar 19, 2009
    Published: Jan, 2010


    * Corresponding author(s): mlado@udc.es
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2009.0114

Effects of Irrigation with Different Effluents on Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity of Arid and semiarid Soils

  1. Marcos Lado *a and
  2. Meni Ben-Hurb
  1. a Area of Soil Science, Faculty of Sciences, University of A Coruna, A Zapateira s/n 15071 Spain
    b Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, The Volcani Centre, ARO, Bet-Dagan, 50250, Israel

Abstract

The use of recycled wastewater that has undergone various treatments (effluent) for irrigation is becoming one of the main means by which to mitigate the pressure on freshwater resources. The main objective of this study was to improve the basic understanding of the effects of irrigation with various effluents on the saturated hydraulic conductivity (K s) of arid and semiarid soils. Clay, loamy, and sandy soils were sampled from experimental plots irrigated with freshwater or secondary effluent for >3 yr, and were used in column experiments. Leaching the loamy and clay soils with reverse osmosis (RO) effluent, which contained low electrolyte concentrations, led to clay swelling and dispersion and thereby decreased the soil K s In these soils, the high concentration of suspended solid particles and dissolved organic matter (DOM) in oxidation pond (OP) effluent caused significant pore clogging, which reduced the K s Leaching the soils with ultrafiltered effluent maintained high K s values due to the low concentration of suspended solid particles and DOM, their small sizes, and the relatively high electrical conductivity of this effluent. The relatively large average pore size in the sandy soil prevented pore clogging and K s reduction when leached with RO and OP effluent. Secondary effluent irrigation increased the soil exchangeable Na percentage (ESP) compared with freshwater irrigation but did not change the organic matter content in the soil. In the loamy and clay soils, this higher ESP of the effluent-irrigated soils resulted in greater reductions in K s when leached with deionized water than occurred in freshwater-irrigated soils.

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