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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 74 No. 1, p. 60-73
     
    Received: Nov 20, 2008


    * Corresponding author(s): wolfgang.wilcke@giub.unibe.ch
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2008.0377

Stable Copper Isotopes: A Novel Tool to Trace Copper Behavior in Hydromorphic Soils

  1. Moritz Bigalkea,
  2. Stefan Weyerb and
  3. Wolfgang Wilcke *c
  1. a Johannes Gutenberg Univ. Mainz, Earth System Science Research Center, Geographic Institute, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
    b Univ. of Frankfurt, Institute of Geoscience, Altenhöferallee 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
    c University of Berne, Geographic Institute, Hallerstrasse 12, 3012 Berne, Switzerland

Abstract

Copper is an essential micronutrient for all organisms but may also be a pollutant. We studied the natural abundance of stable Cu isotope ratios in four soils to test whether δ65Cu values can be used as a tracer for biogeochemical processes in hydromorphic soils. Two of the soils were affected by stagnant water and the other two by groundwater. We determined standard soil properties and Cu partitioning into seven fractions of a sequential extraction. Copper stable isotope ratios were measured in total soil digests with multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Copper concentrations in the study soils were low to average (5–34 mg kg−1). The variation in Cu isotope ratios was up to 0.6‰ in an individual soil. The organic layers of two of the profiles had lighter δ65Cu values than the mineral soil, indicating isotopic fractionation of Cu during soil–plant–soil transfer. In the mineral soil, Cu isotopes showed distinguishable variations of up to 0.45‰. The vertical distribution of the δ65Cu values, which paralleled that of the poorly crystalline to crystalline Fe oxide ratios, offers the first hints that Cu isotope ratios in soils may be influenced by alternating redox conditions. We conclude that variations in δ65Cu in soils are large enough to be distinguished and may be indicative of biogeochemical cycling and geochemical processes. In particular, Cu isotope ratios might be helpful to trace long-term processes such as element transport and redox conditions, which are difficult to assess otherwise.

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