Pedogenic Chromium and Nickel Partitioning in Serpentine Soils along a Toposequence
- Chang-Ho Chenga,
- Shih-Hao Jienb,
- Yoshiyuki Iizukac,
- Heng Tsaid,
- Ying-Hsiou Change and
- Zeng-Yei Hseu *e
- a Dep. of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung Univ., of Science and Technology Pingtung 91201, Taiwan
b Dep. of Soil and Water Conservation, National Pingtung Univ. of Science and Technology Pingtung 91201, Taiwan
c Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan
d Dep. of Geography, National Changhua Univ. of Education, Changhua 50058, Taiwan
e Dep. of Environmental Science and Engineering, National Pingtung Univ. of Science and Technology Pingtung 91201, Taiwan
To elucidate the properties of pedogenic Cr and Ni in serpentine soils in terms of mobilization, three pedons on the shoulder (Entisol), backslope (Inceptisol), and footslope (Alfisol) along a toposequence in eastern Taiwan were examined for metal partitioning and their geochemical origins. The analysis combined bulk soil analysis by selective sequential extraction (SSE) with mineralogical methods, including x-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) analyses. Experimental results showed that Cr and Ni were mainly concentrated in chromites and silicates, respectively, and were gradually exposed by weathering of the parent materials. The SEM/EDX analysis indicated that chemical modification of the chromites was more prevalent near the soil surface and that the chemical modification increased as available Cr content increased from the shoulder to the footslope. Landscape position was the most important factor in controlling the trends in Ni and Cr fractions. The footslope accumulated more total Cr and Ni than the shoulder and backslope. Additionally, the soil on the footslope received more effective precipitation as run-on water from upslope and was potentially more leached than the soils on the other landscape positions. The accumulation of clay and dithionite-citrate-bicarbonate (DCB) extractable Fe (Fed) and the increase of exchangeable Ca/Mg ratio correlated with the increased total labile pools of Cr and Ni in the soil from the shoulder and backslope to the footslope. However, the concentrations of acid soluble, reducible, and oxidizable fractions (total labile pool) of Ni were higher than those of Cr, indicating that Ni was more available than Cr in all soils tested by the SSE procedures.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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