Can Soil Carbonate Dissolution Lead to Overestimation of Soil Respiration?
- Guy Tamirab,
- Moshe Shenkerb,
- Hadar Hellera,
- Paul R. Bloomc,
- Pinchas Finea and
- Asher Bar-Tal *a
- a Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel
b Dep. of Soil and Water Sciences, Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel
c Dep. of Soil, Water and Climate, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108
Root and microbial respiration is considered to be the main source of CO2 production in soil; however, calcite dissolution in calcareous soils may contribute to the emitted CO2. The major aim of this research was to quantify the contribution of CaCO3 dissolution to CO2 emission from a soil with and without the addition of an organic residue. Emissions of CO2 and its δ13C from incubated noncalcareous (Golan Heights [GH], −26.23‰) and calcareous (Bet She'an [BS], −11.47‰) soils with and without the addition of a pasteurized chicken manure (PCM, −23.2‰) were determined. During 56 d of incubation, 445 and 1804 mg kg−1 CO2–C emitted from BS and GH soils, and PCM application caused additional emission of 2430 and 1884 mg kg−1 CO2–C, respectively. The NO3−–N concentrations in the control BS and GH soils were 46 and 133 mg kg−1 and PCM application increased it to 508 and 577 mg kg−1, respectively. The emitted CO2–δ13C from BS and GH soils were −20.0 ± 0.2‰ and −27.2 ± 0.09‰ and application of PCM changed it to −20.6 ± 0.42‰ and −23.7 ± 0.16‰, respectively. Consequently, the contributions of the inorganic source to CO2–C emission from BS without and with PCM and from GH with PCM were 113.4, 417.5, and 176 mg kg−1 (26.5, 14.5, and 5% of the total), respectively. We suggest that oxidation of organic matter, mineralization of organic N, NH4 nitrification, oxidation of organic S, and production of organic acids caused chemical dissolution of calcite and CO2 emission. Ignoring this process will result in overestimation of the respired C.Please view the pdf by using the Full Text (PDF) link under 'View' to the left.
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