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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 76 No. 6, p. 2068-2073
     
    Received: Mar 23, 2012
    Published: October 19, 2012


    * Corresponding author(s): georgev@csusm.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2012.0101n

Carbon and Nitrogen Mineralization of a Semiarid Shrubland Exposed to Experimental Nitrogen Deposition

  1. Marcelo S. Biudesa and
  2. George L. Vourlitis *b
  1. a Programa de Pós-Graduação em Física Ambiental, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil
    b Biological Sciences Dep., California State Univ., San Marcos, CA 92096

Abstract

High atmospheric N inputs to southern Californian shrublands can alter organic matter quantity and quality and influence decomposition and N mineralization rates. We conducted a laboratory experiment to test the hypothesis that N addition would increase microbial respiration and net N mineralization. Intact soil cores and litter from Artemisia californica Less. were collected from field plots exposed to either ambient or elevated N (50 kg N ha−1 yr−1) over a 7-yr period. Microbial respiration was significantly higher in control soil, and litter amendment, regardless of origin, significantly increased respiration. In contrast, net N mineralization was significantly higher in added N soil, and litter addition significantly depressed net N mineralization. Our results suggest that chronic N deposition causes a decline in litter decomposition and microbial N demand. If indicative of the longer-term decomposition kinetics, these results suggest that chronic N inputs may increase soil C storage and N availability in these semiarid shrublands.

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Copyright © 2012. Copyright © by the Soil Science Society of America, Inc.