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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 77 No. 5, p. 1831-1841
     
    Received: Apr 10, 2013
    Published: September 20, 2013


    * Corresponding author(s): jeff.edwards@okstate.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.04.0129

Effect of Alternative Soil Acidity Amelioration Strategies on Soil pH Distribution and Wheat Agronomic Response

  1. Romulo Pisa Lollatoa,
  2. Jeffrey T. Edwards *a and
  3. Hailin Zhanga
  1. a Oklahoma State Univ. Plant and Soil Sciences 368 Agricultural Hall Stillwater, OK 74078

Abstract

Agricultural lime is the recommended method for ameliorating soil acidity; however, in-furrow P fertilizer or pelletized lime are also common practices to manage low soil pH. This study evaluated the effects of broadcast incorporated agricultural lime [2.25 or 4.50 Mg effective calcium carbonate equivalent (ECCE) ha−1], banded pelletized lime (225 or 450 kg ha−1 yr−1), or banded triple-super-phosphate (28 or 56 kg P2O5 ha−1 yr−1) on bulk soil pH, exchangeable Al [potassium chloride extractable Al (AlKCl)], Al saturation (Alsat), spatial pH change in the soil profile, wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) vegetative development, and grain yield. Wheat was sown in October 2009, 2010, and 2011 in a Grant silt loam (fine-silty, mixed, superactive, thermic Udic Argiustoll) with initial soil pH of 4.9. Broadcast agricultural lime at 4.50 Mg ha−1 increased soil pH to 5.9 and decreased Alsat by 98%. Changes in soil pH caused by banded pelletized lime were restricted to a region of ∼1.27 cm surrounding the pellet, while broadcast agricultural lime increased soil pH throughout the incorporated depth. In-furrow P fertilizer increased vegetative growth and plant population homogeneity in all years of the study; broadcast lime provided similar results in 2010–2011 when low soil pH effects were more apparent due to severe drought. Grain yield was not affected by treatment due to low Alsat (<12%). Data suggest that banded pelletized lime behaves as large lime granules, only ameliorating soil pH at and around the application band; and increased vegetative growth induced by banded P fertilizer or broadcast agricultural lime might not result in increased grain yields when Alsat < 12%.

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