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This article in TPG

  1. Vol. 2 No. 1, p. 48-62
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    Received: Oct 5, 2008


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doi:10.3835/plantgenome2008.10.0011

Sweet Sorghum Genetic Diversity and Association Mapping for Brix and Height

  1. Seth C. Murray,
  2. William L. Rooney,
  3. Martha T. Hamblin,
  4. Sharon E. Mitchell and
  5. Stephen Kresovich 
  1. S.C. Murray, M.T. Hamblin, S.E. Mitchell, and S. Kresovich, Institute for Genomic Diversity and Dep. of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY 14853; W.L. Rooney, Dep. of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843. S.C. Murray's present address: Dep. of Soil and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M Univ., College Station, TX 77843

Abstract

Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], like its close relative, sugarcane (Saccharum spp.), has been selected to accumulate high levels of edible sugars in the stem. Sweet sorghums are tall and produce high biomass in addition to sugar. Little has been documented about the genetic relationships and diversity within sweet sorghums and how sweet sorghums relate to grain sorghum racial types. In this study, a diverse panel of 125 sorghums (mostly sweet) was successfully genotyped with 47 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and 322 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Using both distance-based and model-based methods, we identified three main genetic groupings of sweet sorghums. Based on observed phenotypes and known origins we classified the three groups as historical and modern syrup, modern sugar/energy types, and amber types. Using SSR markers also scored in an available large grain sorghum germplasm panel, we found that these three sweet groupings clustered with kafir/bicolor, caudatum, and bicolor types, respectively. Using the information on population structure and relatedness, association mapping was performed for height and stem sugar (brix) traits. Three significant associations for height were detected. Two of these, on chromosomes 9 and 6, support published QTL studies. One significant association for brix, on chromosome 1, 12kb from a glucose-6-phosphate isomerase homolog, was detected.

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