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The Plant Genome Abstract - Original Research

Accuracy of Genomic Prediction in a Commercial Perennial Ryegrass Breeding Program

 

This article in TPG

  1. Vol. 9 No. 3
    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Nov 01, 2015
    Accepted: May 13, 2016
    Published: August 4, 2016


    * Corresponding author(s): dfe@dlf.com
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doi:10.3835/plantgenome2015.11.0110
  1. Dario Fè *ab,
  2. Bilal H. Ashrafb,
  3. Morten G. Pedersena,
  4. Luc Janssb,
  5. Stephen Byrnec,
  6. Niels Roulunda,
  7. Ingo Lenka,
  8. Thomas Didiona,
  9. Torben Aspc,
  10. Christian S. Jensena and
  11. Just Jensenb
  1. a DLF A/S, Research Division, Højerupvej 31, 4660, Store Heddinge, Denmark
    b Aarhus Univ., Dep. of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Center for Quantitative Genetics and Genomics, Blichers Allé 20, 8830 Tjele Denmark
    c Aarhus Univ., Dep. of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Crop Genetics and Biotechnology, Forsøgsvej 1, 4200, Slagelse, Denmark
Core Ideas:
  • High accuracies for genomic prediction in a perennial ryegrass breeding program
  • The additive genetic variance can be traced by genotyping assays
  • Predictions work across different generations and in different traits
  • Good prospects for the implementation of genomic selection in perennial ryegrass

Abstract

The implementation of genomic selection (GS) in plant breeding, so far, has been mainly evaluated in crops farmed as homogeneous varieties, and the results have been generally positive. Fewer results are available for species, such as forage grasses, that are grown as heterogenous families (developed from multiparent crosses) in which the control of the genetic variation is far more complex. Here we test the potential for implementing GS in the breeding of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) using empirical data from a commercial forage breeding program. Biparental F2 and multiparental synthetic (SYN2) families of diploid perennial ryegrass were genotyped using genotyping-by-sequencing, and phenotypes for five different traits were analyzed. Genotypes were expressed as family allele frequencies, and phenotypes were recorded as family means. Different models for genomic prediction were compared by using practically relevant cross-validation strategies. All traits showed a highly significant level of genetic variance, which could be traced using the genotyping assay. While there was significant genotype × environment (G × E) interaction for some traits, accuracies were high among F2 families and between biparental F2 and multiparental SYN2 families. We have demonstrated that the implementation of GS in grass breeding is now possible and presents an opportunity to make significant gains for various traits.

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