View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 1.

Virulence–avirulence profile of Puccinia triticina races.

 
Race Virulent on genes Avirulent on genes
BBBQD†§ Lr10, 39, B Lr1, 2a, 2c, 3, 3ka, 9, 11, 14a, 16, 17, 18, 21, 24, 26, 28, 30, 42
BBBDBठLr14a Lr1, 2a, 2c, 3, 3ka, 9, 11, 16, 17, 18, 21, 24, 26, 28, 30, 39, 42, B
MBDSD†§ Lr1, 3, 10, 14a, 17, 39, B Lr2a, 2c, 3ka, 9, 11, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, 30, 28, 42
MHDSBठLr1, 3, 10, 14a, 16, 17, 26, B Lr2a, 2c, 3a, 3ka, 9, 11, 18, 21, 24, 28, 39, 42
MFPSBठLr1, 3a, 3ka, 10, 14a, 17, 24, 26, B Lr2a, 2c, 9, 11, 16, 18, 21, 28, 30, 39, 42
MLDSBठLr1, 3a, 9, 10, 14a, 17, B Lr2a, 2c, 3ka, 11, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, 30, 28, 39, 42
TBBGJठLr2a, 2c, 3, 10, 28, 39 Lr3ka, 9, 11, 14a, 16, 17, 18, 21, 24, 26, 30, 42, B
TFBJQठLr3, 2a, 2c, 10, 14a, 21, 24, 26, 28 Lr3ka, 9, 11, 16, 17, 18, 30, 39, 42, B
TFBGQठLr2a, 2c, 3, 10, 21, 24, 26, 28 Lr3ka, 9, 11, 14a, 16, 17, 18, 30, 39, 42, B
MCDSS† Lr1, 3, 10, 14a, 17, 21, 26, 28, 39, B Lr2a, 2c, 3ka, 9, 11, 16, 18, 24, 30, 42
BBBQJ†§ Lr10, 28, 39, B Lr1, 2a, 2c, 3, 3ka, 9, 11, 14a, 16, 17, 18, 21, 24, 26, 30, 42
Race collected from durum wheat.
Race collected from common wheat.
§Five letter for Pt race nomenclature used in North America adapted from Long and Kolmer (1989).



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 2.

Number of leaf rust resistant accessions in each trial.

 
Trait BBBQD (ND)† BBBQD (CDL)‡ BBBDB MBDSD MCDSS BBBQJ Race mix§ MN_StP_F§ MN_Cr_F§ MX_Ob_F§ MX_EB_F§
Accessions screened 489 489 494 496 495 364 464 453 432 383 371
Resistant landraces 10 31 146 59 80 39 120 174 144 97 64
Resistant cultivars or cultivated lines 9 20 139 59 67 22 101 156 155 66 49
Resistant breeding lines 4 8 66 33 40 14 59 74 70 42 34
Resistant accessions, unknown type 1 1 2 0 1 2 1 2 2 1 1
Total resistant accessions 24 60 353 151 188 77 281 406 371 206 148
Percentage of resistance 4.91 12.27 71.46 30.44 37.98 21.15 60.56 89.62 85.88 53.79 39.89
ND, North Dakota.
CDL, Cereal Disease Laboratory, Saint Paul, MN.
§Race mix, MHDSB, MFPSB, MLDSB, TBBGJ, TFBJQ, and TFBGQ; MN_StP_F, races in Minnesota St. Paul field; MN_Cr_F, races in Minnesota Crookston field; MX_Ob_F, races in Mexico Ciudad Obregón field; MX_EB_F, races in Mexico El Batán field.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 3.

Durum wheat accessions resistant to leaf rust across all trials.

 
Accession Origin Type MBDSD‡ BBBQD (ND)†‡ BBBQD (CDL)†‡ BBBDB‡ Race mix‡§ MCDSS‡ BBBQJ‡ MX_Ob_F¶ MX_EB_F¶ MN_StP_F¶ MN_Cr_F¶
PI 209274 Australia Breeding line 1 1 0 0 0 1 0 0R 0 TR TR
PI 193920 Portugal Landrace 2 2 0 0 0 2 0 0R 0 TR TR
PI 244061 Yemen Landrace 2 2 0 0 1 1 TR 5R
PI 324928 Argentina Breeding line 2 2 0 0 0 1 5MR 0 TR TR
PI 192051 Portugal Landrace 3 2 0 0 1 1 1 0R 0 TR TR
PI 519832 Lebanon Cultivar 4 4 0 0 0 1 0 0R 0 TR TR
PI 195693 Ethiopia Landrace 2 3 1 0 0 0 1 5MR 10MR TR TR
PI 342647 Lebanon Cultivated line 2 2 1 0 1 1 0 5MR 0 20RMR 5R
PI 387263 Ethiopia Landrace 4 2 1 0 0 5 1 10MR 5MR 5R 10R
PI 223155 Jordan Cultivated line 5 4 1 1 2 5 10RMR
PI 278379 Malta Landrace 3 2 2 0 2 1 5 0R 0 TR TR
PI 534304 Ethiopia Landrace 3 2 2 0 0 4 1 10MR 0 20RMR
CItr 14623 Ethiopia Landrace 6 2 0 2 3 2 5MR 0 TR TR
ND, North Dakota; CDL, Cereal Disease Laboratory, Saint Paul, MN.
Linearized disease rating for leaf rust at seedling stage as described by Zhang et al., 2014
§Race mix: seedling test with inoculum composed of races MHDSB, MFPSB, MLDSB, TBBGJ, TFBJQ, and TFBGQ.
Adult plant response to leaf rust. MN_StP_F, races in Minnesota St. Paul field; MN_C_F, races in Minnesota Crookston field; MX_Ob_F, races in Mexico Ciudad Obregón field; MX_EB_F, races in Mexico El Batán field. Plant response was recorded as resistant (R), moderately resistant (MR), moderately susceptible (MS), and susceptible (S) reactions (McIntosh et al., 1995); Rust severity indicated with trace (T).



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Model mean square difference (MSD) for each test.

 
Trait Naïve Kinship 2PCs + Kinship† 3PCs + Kinship†
MX_EB_F‡ 6.19 × 10−2 1.25 × 10−4§ 1.29 × 10−4 2.95 × 10−4
MX_Ob_F ‡ 9.06 × 10−2 1.41 × 10−4 3.91 × 10−4 7.28 × 10−4
BBBQJ 3.79 × 10−2 2.31 × 10−4 1.62 × 10−4 1.37 × 10−4
MBDSD 6.40 × 10−2 7.20 × 10−5 3.69 × 10−5 1.59 × 10−5
MCDSS 6.73 × 10−2 2.88 × 10−4 2.06 × 10−4 1.44 × 10−4
BBBQD (ND)¶ 1.92 × 10−3 7.49 × 10−5 4.90 × 10−5 7.69 × 10−5
BBBQD (CDL)¶ 8.42 × 10−3 7.16 × 10−4 5.73 × 10−4 6.44 × 10−4
BBBDB 6.31 × 10−2 8.80 × 10−4 4.82 × 10−4 4.95 × 10−4
Race mix‡ 7.42 × 10−2 5.05 × 10−4 5.40 × 10−4 1.29 × 10−4
MN_StP_F‡ 1.22 × 10−1 1.76 × 10−4 2.63 × 10−4 2.64 × 10−4
MN_Cr_F‡ 1.08 × 10−1 1.98 × 10−4 3.60 × 10−4 3.15 × 10−4
2PC, population structure matrix (Q matrix) based on the first two principal components; 3PC, population structure matrix (Q matrix) based on the first three principal components.
Race mix, seedling test with inoculum composed of races MHDSB, MFPSB, MLDSB, TBBGJ, TFBJQ, and TFBGQ; MN_StP_F, races in Minnesota St. Paul field; MN_Cr_F, races in Minnesota Crookston field; MX_Ob_F, races in Mexico Ciudad Obregón field; MX_EB_F, races in Mexico El Batán field.
§Numbers in bold indicate lowest MSD and best model for each trait. The best model was used to investigate single-nucleotide polymorphism–leaf rust response associations.
ND, North Dakota; CDL, Cereal Disease Laboratory, Saint Paul, MN.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 5.

Significant markers associated with response to each leaf rust race at seedling stage in the greenhouse and race mixture at adult stage in the field.

 
Trait† Marker Chromosome Major allele Minor allele MAF‡ cM§ −log10(P-value) R2 pFDR#
BBBQJ IWA1818†† 4BL C T 0.09 70.9 4.67 6.19 × 10−2 6.60 × 10−2
BBBQJ IWA3023 6AL A G 0.45 88.2 4.22 5.21 × 10−2 7.98 × 10−2
BBBQJ IWA3024 6AL A G 0.44 88.2 4.11 5.04 × 10−2 7.98 × 10−2
MBDSD IWA7547 2AL T C 0.07 137.1 6.81 6.28 × 10−2 4.65 × 10−4
MBDSD IWA757 5BS A G 0.38 2.7 5.04 4.51 × 10−2 1.37 × 10−2
MCDSS IWA7547 2AL T C 0.07 137.1 5.54 5.04 × 10−2 8.81 × 10−3
MCDSS IWA757 5BS A G 0.38 2.7 4.03 3.53 × 10−2 1.42 × 10−1
BBBQD (ND) IWA6089 2AL A G 0.08 136.9 3.9 3.49 × 10−2 4.20 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA7547 2AL T C 0.07 137.1 5.05 4.61 × 10−2 6.65 × 10−3
BBBQD (ND) IWA5449 2AL A G 0.09 137.1 3.64 3.33 × 10−2 6.31 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA1765 2BL T C 0.13 148.0 4.75 4.46 × 10−2 1.07 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA2459 2BL A G 0.13 148.0 4.2 3.75 × 10−2 3.15 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA7955 2BL A C 0.12 148.0 4.03 3.57 × 10−2 3.54 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA1076 2BL A G 0.22 151.0 3.26 2.80 × 10−2 1.19 × 10−1
BBBQD (ND) IWA4130 2BL A G 0.22 151.1 3.26 2.80 × 10−2 1.19 × 10−1
BBBQD (ND) IWA6471 3B C T 0.30 4.2 3.65 3.21 × 10−2 6.31 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA5968 4AL T C 0.21 130.6 3.48 3.05 × 10−2 8.29 × 10−2
BBBQD (ND) IWA4069 5A A G 0.13 27.2 5.92 5.45 × 10−2 1.43 × 10−3
BBBQD (ND) IWA5615 5A T G 0.13 27.2 5.86 5.41 × 10−2 1.43 × 10−3
BBBQD (ND) IWA3811 5AS T C 0.13 27.2 5.84 5.39 × 10−2 1.43 × 10−3
BBBQD (ND) IWA1062 5AS T C 0.13 27.2 4.03 3.59 × 10−2 3.54 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA7547 2AL T C 0.07 137.1 4.75 4.29 × 10−2 5.48 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA3741 2BL A C 0.19 137.9 3.62 3.15 × 10−2 1.05 × 10−1
BBBQD (CDL) IWA1765 2BL T C 0.13 148.0 3.8 3.48 × 10−2 8.10 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA5615 5A T G 0.13 27.2 4.24 3.78 × 10−2 5.95 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA4069 5A A G 0.13 27.2 4.11 3.64 × 10−2 5.97 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA3811 5AS T C 0.13 27.2 4.28 3.81 × 10−2 5.95 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA3023 6AL A G 0.45 88.2 3.9 3.48 × 10−2 7.68 × 10−2
BBBQD (CDL) IWA3024 6AL A G 0.44 88.2 3.55 3.12 × 10−2 1.07 × 10−1
BBBQD (CDL) IWA8438 6AL G A 0.28 120.5 3.45 2.98 × 10−2 1.21 × 10−1
BBBDB IWA757 5BS A G 0.38 2.7 4.17 3.66 × 10−2 2.05 × 10−1
Race mix IWA7547 2AL T C 0.07 137.1 5.09 4.90 × 10−2 2.41 × 10−2
Race mix IWA757 5BS A G 0.38 2.7 4.72 4.49 × 10−2 2.81 × 10−2
MN_StP_F IWA2656 1AS C T 0.18 44.3 3.76 3.53 × 10−2 8.98 × 10−2
MN_StP_F IWA7421 1AS A G 0.18 44.6 3.43 3.31 × 10−2 1.21 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA601 1AL A G 0.23 87.3 3.93 3.95 × 10−2 8.98 × 10−2
MN_StP_F IWA2696 2AS T C 0.10 38.0 6.09 6.03 × 10−2 2.47 × 10−3
MN_StP_F IWA1536 3AL G A 0.10 83.4 3.77 3.67 × 10−2 8.98 × 10−2
MN_StP_F IWA3512 3AL G A 0.11 83.4 3.52 3.39 × 10−2 1.21 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA1700 3AL T C 0.10 83.4 3.4 3.37 × 10−2 1.21 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA3999 3AL A G 0.09 83.4 3.28 3.03 × 10−2 1.33 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA1701 3AL A G 0.09 83.5 3.28 3.03 × 10−2 1.33 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA1570 4AL G T 0.17 59.9 3.43 3.20 × 10−2 1.21 × 10−1
MN_StP_F IWA6999 6AS G A 0.10 5.9 5.48 5.38 × 10−2 5.12 × 10−3
MN_StP_F IWA1749 6AS C T 0.11 5.9 5.1 4.99 × 10−2 8.13 × 10−3
MN_Cr_F IWA2696 2AS T C 0.10 38.0 4.68 4.67 × 10−2 5.48 × 10−2
MN_Cr_F IWA3999 3AL A G 0.09 83.4 3.72 3.61 × 10−2 1.10 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA1700 3AL T C 0.10 83.4 3.51 3.60 × 10−2 1.23 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA1536 3AL G A 0.10 83.4 3.48 3.46 × 10−2 1.23 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA3512 3AL G A 0.11 83.4 3.22 3.16 × 10−2 1.35 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA1701 3AL A G 0.09 83.5 3.72 3.61 × 10−2 1.10 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA4110 3AL C T 0.10 83.5 3.37 3.23 × 10−2 1.25 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA5178 3B G A 0.07 100.2 3.21 3.16 × 10−2 1.35 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA1704 3B A G 0.07 100.2 3.2 3.15 × 10−2 1.35 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA4784 4AL A G 0.14 71.2 4.43 4.43 × 10−2 5.48 × 10−2
MN_Cr_F IWA4786 4AL C T 0.15 71.2 3.77 3.71 × 10−2 1.10 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA4785 4AL C T 0.15 71.2 3.65 3.54 × 10−2 1.10 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA4618 4BL A G 0.05 123.3 3.41 3.27 × 10−2 1.25 × 10−1
MN_Cr_F IWA4860 5AL C T 0.10 138.6 3.25 3.10 × 10−2 1.35 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA1387 1AS G A 0.08 27.9 3.7 4.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA7151 1AS C T 0.13 31.9 3.09 3.65 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA7548 2A T C 0.10 107.7 3.36 4.07 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA1242 2AS G A 0.13 35.6 3 3.37 × 10−2 1.29 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA2831 2AS G A 0.09 107.6 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA1370 2AS C T 0.11 107.7 3.42 4.14 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA11 2AS G A 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.50 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA7683 2AS G A 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA8016 2AS C T 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA6991 2AL C A 0.11 107.7 3.39 4.10 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA3946 2AL G A 0.10 107.7 3.33 4.04 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA877 2AL G A 0.10 107.7 3.14 3.56 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA2654 2AL G A 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA6874 2AL A G 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA8210 2AL A G 0.10 107.7 3.07 3.46 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA3512 3AL G A 0.11 83.4 2.95 3.44 × 10−2 1.36 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA6914 3AL A G 0.11 83.7 3.17 3.60 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA5775 3B C A 0.13 101.6 3.06 3.62 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA6126 5AL A G 0.27 84.7 3.19 3.63 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA7742 5AL T C 0.08 90.6 3.29 3.77 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA4805 5AL T G 0.37 147.4 3.74 4.35 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA6904 6BL C T 0.05 89.6 4.4 5.45 × 10−2 1.06 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA657 6BL T C 0.05 89.7 3.73 4.32 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA477 7AL T C 0.06 133.7 3.64 4.21 × 10−2 1.17 × 10−1
MX_EB_F IWA5797 7AL T C 0.06 206.4 4.16 5.05 × 10−2 1.06 × 10−1
MX_Ob_F IWA1387 1AS G A 0.08 27.9 3.37 3.88 × 10−2 5.06 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA7151 1AS C T 0.13 31.9 2.95 3.34 × 10−2 1.15 × 10−1
MX_Ob_F IWA6003 2BL G A 0.09 94.2 3.81 4.45 × 10−2 2.19 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2183 2BL T G 0.09 94.2 3.93 4.43 × 10−2 1.95 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2665 2BL G A 0.09 94.2 3.93 4.43 × 10−2 1.95 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA3889 2BL T C 0.08 95.2 3.93 4.43 × 10−2 1.95 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA3452 2BL A C 0.08 95.2 4.09 4.67 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA3453 2BL G A 0.08 95.2 4.09 4.67 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA5260 2BL T G 0.08 95.2 4.09 4.67 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA4965 2BL T C 0.08 94.2 4.12 4.73 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA5610 2BL T C 0.09 94.2 4.53 5.28 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA4541 2BL G A 0.07 100.9 3.87 4.45 × 10−2 2.11 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA8624 3AS C T 0.10 51.1 5.12 5.94 × 10−2 1.13 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2662 3B A G 0.15 61.6 2.96 3.20 × 10−2 1.15 × 10−1
MX_Ob_F IWA3788 3B T C 0.15 61.6 2.96 3.20 × 10−2 1.15 × 10−1
MX_Ob_F IWA7512 3B A G 0.08 100.7 3.58 4.00 × 10−2 3.61 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA4653 3B A G 0.11 100.9 3.26 3.58 × 10−2 6.28 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA5710 3B C A 0.10 100.9 4.03 4.56 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA7692 3B G A 0.10 100.9 4.03 4.56 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA8290 3B G A 0.10 100.9 4.03 4.56 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA4218 3B C T 0.08 100.9 4.81 5.69 × 10−2 1.56 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2087 4BL A G 0.06 124.4 3.83 4.31 × 10−2 2.19 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2469 4BL C T 0.06 123.3 4.18 4.74 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA1798 4BL T C 0.05 123.3 4.21 4.83 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA4618 4BL A G 0.05 123.3 4.27 4.86 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2470 4BL T C 0.05 123.3 5.4 6.68 × 10−2 1.13 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA6904 6BL C T 0.05 89.6 4.3 5.12 × 10−2 1.85 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA657 6BL T C 0.05 89.7 3.45 3.81 × 10−2 4.48 × 10−2
MX_Ob_F IWA2513 7AS T C 0.08 68.9 3.54 3.95 × 10−2 3.74 × 10−2
ND, North Dakota; CDL, Cereal Disease Laboratory, Saint Paul, MN. Race mix, seedling test with inoculum composed of races MHDSB, MFPSB, MLDSB, TBBGJ, TFBJQ, and TFBGQ; MN_StP_F: races in Minnesota St. Paul field; MN_Cr_F: races in Minnesota Crookston field; MX_Ob_F, races in Mexico Ciudad Obregón field; MX_EB_F: races in Mexico El Batán field.
MAF, minor allele frequency.
§cM, marker position on consensus map.
R2, proportion of phenotypic variation explained by the individual marker.
#pFDR, positive false discovery rate.
††Markers in bold were maintained after stepwise regression.



View Full Table | Close Full ViewTable 6.

Significant markers associated with leaf rust for two or more Puccinia triticina races or race mixture.

 
Trait† Locus Marker Chromosome MAF‡ cM§
MX_Ob_F + MX_EB_F Lr.locus-1A1 IWA1387 1AS 0.08 27.9
MX_Ob_F + MX_EB_F Lr.locus-1A2 IWA7151 1AS 0.13 31.9
MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-2A2 IWA2696 2AS 0.10 38.0
MBDSD + MCDSS + BBBQD (ND) + BBBQD (CDL) + Race mix Lr.locus-2A4 IWA7547 2AL 0.07 137.1
BBBQD (ND) + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-2B5 IWA1765 2BL 0.13 148.0
MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-3A2 IWA1536 3AL 0.10 83.4
MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-3A2 IWA1700 3AL 0.10 83.4
MX_EB_F + MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-3A2 IWA3512 3AL 0.11 83.4
MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-3A2 IWA3999 3AL 0.09 83.4
MN_StP_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-3A2 IWA1701 3AL 0.09 83.5
MX_Ob_F + MN_Cr_F Lr.locus-4B3 IWA4618 4BL 0.05 123.3
BBBQD (ND) + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-5A1 IWA3811 5AS 0.13 27.2
BBBQD (ND) + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-5A1 IWA4069 5A 0.13 27.2
BBBQD (ND) + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-5A1 IWA5615 5A 0.13 27.2
MBDSD + MCDSS + BBBDB + Race mix Lr.locus-5B1 IWA757 5BS 0.38 2.7
BBBQJ + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-6A2 IWA3023 6AL 0.45 88.2
BBBQJ + BBBQD (CDL) Lr.locus-6A2 IWA3024 6AL 0.44 88.2
MX_Ob_F + MX_EB_F Lr.locus-6B IWA6904 6BL 0.05 89.6
MX_Ob_F + MX_EB_F Lr.locus-6B IWA657 6BL 0.05 89.7
Race mix, seedling test with inoculum composed of races MHDSB, MFPSB, MLDSB, TBBGJ, TFBJQ, and TFBGQ; MN_StP_F: races in Minnesota St. Paul field; MN_Cr_F: races in Minnesota Crookston field; MX_Ob_F, races in Mexico Ciudad Obregón field; MX_EB_F: races in Mexico El Batán field.
MAF, minor allele frequency.
§cM, marker position on consensus map.