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Vadose Zone Journal Abstract - SPECIAL SECTION: HOBE

Energy Fluxes above Three Disparate Surfaces in a Temperate Mesoscale Coastal Catchment

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This article in VZJ

  1. Vol. 10 No. 1, p. 54-66
    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Dec 3, 2009


    * Corresponding author(s): rr@geo.ku.dk
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doi:10.2136/vzj2009.0181
  1. Rasmus Ringgaard *a,
  2. Mathias Herbsta,
  3. Thomas Friborga,
  4. Kirsten Scheldeb,
  5. Anton G. Thomsenb and
  6. Henrik Soegaarda
  1. a Dep. of Geography and Geology, Univ. of Copenhagen, Oester Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
    b Dep. of Agroecology and Environment, Univ. of Aarhus, DK-8830 Tjele, Denmark

Abstract

This study is part of the long-term catchment-scale hydrological observatory, HOBE, situated in the Skjern River catchment covering 2500 km2 on the western coast of Denmark. To gain a more detailed knowledge of how evapotranspiration is controlled by the local surface and atmospheric processes, eddy-covariance systems have been installed over an agricultural field, over a spruce [Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.] plantation, and on wet grassland. Measurements started in fall 2008, and the first annual series showed large differences in evaporative response among the surfaces. The annual sum was about 500 mm for the wet grassland and spruce plantation, while it was about 300 mm for the irrigated agricultural site. In winter, the actual evapotranspiration rate of the grassland and the forest were much larger than the available energy evaluated from the radiation balance, while at the same time large-scale sensible heat flux directed toward the ground was measured. At the agricultural site, the evapotranspiration rate was controlled by crop development with a leaf area index ≥3 being the threshold where actual evapotranspiration reached the potential rate. At the forest site, transpiration rates were severely limited due to stomatal control, which could be related to soil moisture and vapor pressure deficits. The interception evaporation was very important for total evapotranspiration. At the meadow, summer low flow in the river coincided with drying out of the meadows, which limited evapotranspiration. In late summer, evapotranspiration rates at the meadow and forest sites again increased significantly compared with radiative available energy, and again sensible heat flux directed toward the ground was observed.

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