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remote sensing
Focus Topic: Remote Sensing of the Vadose Zone

Remote sensing techniques have become more and more important in characterizing vadose zone properties and processes and to inform vadose zone models. This focus topic collects research in the field of remote sensing and presents original fundamental or applied papers on the impact of soil on energy, water, and nutrient fluxes; catchment scale processes; vegetation cover and terrain dynamics; and calibration and validation of various remote sensing techniques for hydrological simulations at the plant, soil, and atmosphere continuum.
Binayak P. Mohanty, Michael H. Cosh, Venkat Lakshmi and Carsten Montzka
This is an update to the special section “Remote Sensing for Vadose Zone Hydrology—A Synthesis from the Vantage Point” [Vadose Zone Journal 12(3)]. Satellites (e.g., Soil Moisture Active Passive...more
Michael H. Cosh, Tyson E. Ochsner, Lynn McKee, Jingnuo Dong, Jeffrey B. Basara, Steven R. Evett, Christine E. Hatch, Eric E. Small, Susan C. Steele-Dunne, Marek Zreda and Chadi Sayde
In situ soil moisture monitoring networks are critical to the development of soil moisture remote sensing missions as well as agricultural and environmental management, weather forecasting, and many o...more
Craig Rasmussen, Jon D. Pelletier, Peter A. Troch, Tyson L. Swetnam and Jon Chorover
We have developed an improved method for measuring the transfer of energy and mass, in the form of water and carbon, to the subsurface critical zone. These transfers are fundamental to earth surface f...more
M. Dimitrov, J. Vanderborght, K.G. Kostov, B. Debecker, P. Schulze Lammers, L. Damerow and H. Vereecken
The soil structure and the hydraulic properties of the top soil layer control water exchanges between the soil and the atmosphere. We used L-band radiometry to infer the hydraulic properties of the to...more
Ebrahim Babaeian, Mehdi Homaee, Carsten Montzka, Harry Vereecken and Ali Akbar Norouzi
Soil spectroscopy is very attractive for retrieving soil hydraulic properties in subsurface hydrology. Spectral signatures at three spectral resolutions were used to retrieve soil hydraulic parameters...more
Ju Hyoung Lee
This study provided a calibration frame for inverting the SVAT soil hydraulic variables from SAR satellite data assimilation analysis. This reduced the spin-up time and forecast bias of SVAT models, b...more
Jingnuo Dong, Tyson E. Ochsner, Marek Zreda, Michael H. Cosh and Chris B. Zou
The COsmic-ray Soil Moisture Observing System (COSMOS) rover was used to map soil moisture for two regions in Oklahoma: a 16- by 10-km and a 34- by 14-km region. The 0- to 5-cm soil moisture determine...more
Marouane Temimi, Tarendra Lakhankar, Xiwu Zhan, Michael H. Cosh, Nir Krakauer, Ali Fares, Victoria Kelly, Reza Khanbilvardi and Laetitia Kumassi
A field experiment was performed in a grassland near Millbrook, NY. Intensive measurements of L-band brightness temperatures, surface temperature, and soil moisture and temperature were collected duri...more
M. Dimitrov, J. Vanderborght, K. G. Kostov, K. Z. Jadoon, L. Weihermüller, T. J. Jackson, R. Bindlish, Y. Pachepsky, M. Schwank and H. Vereecken
L-band radiometers can be used to remotely monitor the microwave brightness temperature of land surfaces. We investigated how soil hydraulic properties and soil moisture contents of a bare soil plot c...more
Guillaume Martelet, Sébastien Drufin, Bruno Tourliere, Nicolas P.A. Saby, José Perrin, Jacques Deparis, François Prognon, Claudy Jolivet, Céline Ratié and Dominique Arrouays
Multiple linear regressions between gamma spectrometric data and regolith parameters allowed modeling of about 50% of the parameters modeled (chemical, textural, and mineralogical) with an acceptable...more